The National Armaments Directorate of the Spanish Ministry of Defence has organized the 6th National Congress on Research and Development (R&D) in Defense and Security 2018 (DESEI+d 2018). Congress has been held in the SP Military Cavalry School sited in Valladolid (Spain). This Congress has been an excellent forum where all main ESP military and civilian stakeholders related with R&D issues in the Defence and Security field have had opportunities to present and discuss the latest research made in some of the seven (7) areas related with defence and security. In that sense, the seven (7) main R&D areas have focused on: (1) Weapon systems and Ammunition; (2) Sensors and Electronic Systems –radar, electromagnetic warfare, optronics-; (3) Platforms (ground, naval, aerial, satellites); (4) Future Soldier Systems; (5) CBRNe “ 5A C-IED and 5B CBRN”; (6) Information systems and C4I (Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence); and (7) Society, Economics, Geopolitics, Psychology, Medical Support and Energy. Briefers came from military, R&D centers, Centers for Technological and Industrial Development, high technology laboratories, Academia, specialized Centers (C-IED COE) and ESP Ministries as Defence; Science, Innovation and Universities; Internal Affairs and Industry & Commerce. The DESEI+d Workshop has showed its high level of maturity at national level providing an open space to know and discuss cutting-edge technologies relating to R&D issues in the national defence and security arena. In the 6th DESEI+d 2018, the counter improvised explosive device discipline has been considered relevant within its seven broad and complex areas of work and the C-IED COE has proved that it is one of the main actors in the field of C-IED and also on R&D activities.
SCI-286: Technology Roadmaps Towards Stand-off Detection in Future Route Clearance
The 7th meeting of the SCI-286 task group, titled “Technology Roadmaps towards Stand-off Detection in Future Route Clearance” was held at the Military Engineering Centre of Excellence (MILENG COE) facility Ingolstadt, Germany on 27-29 Nov 2018. The objective of this three-year Task Group is to create a roadmap of stand-off IED detection capabilities for future mounted route clearance operations, suitable for all relevant environments and evolving threats. The 7th meeting included 17 attendees from: AUS, C-IED CoE, MILENG COE, GBR, FRA, ITA, NLD, NOR, SWE, DEU and USA. During a previous meeting, the Task Group split into three sub-groups tasked with creating their own draft future technology roadmaps. The results from the sub-group efforts were presented and discussed at length. The overall outcome was the refinement of the development of the roadmap, in which the three approaches will be combined to create a unified 5, 10, and 20-year roadmap of future IED stand-off detection technologies and implementations. No pictures were taken during this meeting.
C-IED Strategy Development Writing Session
The C-IED COE participated in the United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM) Counter-IED Strategy Development Writing Session in Nairobi, Kenya from 26-30 November 2018 in order to review USAFRICOMs Strategic Development Manual and to finalize the Strategy Development slides (the way-ahead). The Strategic Development Manual will be used as a guide for African partners to generate their own ideas and as it relates to their own objectives, and the group reviewed the Strategy Development slides. The slides were developed to help summarize the Strategic Development Manual, thus helping the African partners drive their own Strategic Development process. The group also conducted a one day session at Sahan Research receiving short briefings from the Kenyan National Counter Terrorism Center (NCTC), Sahan Research, the United Nations Mine Action Service, and from the United Nations Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group. The briefings focused on the NCTC structure and their prevention and awareness programs, and Sahan along with the United Nations discussed the IED Threat in Somalia, and a proposed Strategic Framework inside of Somalia. Their briefings were designed to better inform the group about organizational concerns with regards to the overall IED threat that is currently persisting in East Africa. Additionally, the C-IED COE with members from USAFRICOM, created a draft outline that can be used in the NATO Common C-IED Training Model for Partners with a focus on Strategic Plans and Policy Advisory (Item #4 in the CCTM) with special emphasis on advising on a Presidential Policy Decree and the advisement of a National C-IED Strategy/Policy for Partners. All of the briefings and work conducted by the group helped establish a framework for a tentatively scheduled Senior Leader Seminar and a three day C-IED Course that will be held at the International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC) in Kenya from 25 February to 1 March 2019.
Since 2001, the International Concept Development and Experimentation (CD&E) Conference, a NATO Allied Command Transformation (ACT) and US Joint Staff co-sponsored annual forum provides an open space to discuss the most current issues relating to CD&E in the process of capability development. The 18th annual International Concept Development and Experimentation Conference took place 30 October through 1 November 2018. This year’s theme was CD&E: Confronting the Challenge of a Disrupted Security Environment. The 2018 conference promoted a collaborative approach to concept and capability development and shared the knowledge and experience garnered from 29 Nations’ expertise. The audience for the conference includes over 240 delegates from NATO countries. Other attendees will include those from NATO Partner Countries and partner organizations with concept development and experimentation backgrounds and experience. The three-day conference included keynote speakers, plenary sessions, four workshops, and the CD&E Exchange, a mini-expo. Workshop topics discussed challenges in the disrupted security environment, exploration of new concepts in autonomy, artificial intelligence, big data, future warfare and technologies, disruptive thinking and alternative problem formulation techniques.Disruptive technologies as Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy systems and weapons present huge technical and non-technical challenges in future conflicts (make-decision process, ethical issues, national approaches, impact in military operations, sharing data, new disruptive security scenarios,.). More complex questions have and will have to be answered so the Alliance can maintain an edge as a fighting force. All NATO COEs representatives participated in a Workshop (WS) on ”Concept management in NATO – Future collaboration” discussing with ACT staff (former Transformation Network Branch now changed to Concept Development Branch) and other delegates how to improve future collaboration in CD&E. The current ACT aims on CD&E is to update CDE Handbook applying project management principles and to be open to any new “disruptive idea”. A new methodology has to be considered. A smart present prepares Alliance for the unforeseen future. The 2019 International Concept and Development Conference will take place in Spain hosted by the Spanish Minister of Defense and the ESP Joint Staff and will be sponsored by the NATO Allied Command Transformation.
During the 22nd -26th October, two members of the C-IED COE supported a NATO expert team to assess and recognize the Colombian CIDES (Centro Internacional de Desminado) to be a potential NATO Partner for Educational and Training (E&T) purpose as a PTEC. The NATO Team was composed by members of NATO HQ (IS/PASP), HQ SACT Joint Force Development, NATO School Oberammergau, C-IED Centre of Excellence, and two Pattern Training Educational Centre PTECs (US PLTCE and GE UN Training Centre NATO HQ). The visit was divided in three parts: - The Colombian Armed Forces could show their current capabilities, their organization and also the transformation and modernization through their Strategic Plan 2030. During these events we had the opportunity to have a meeting with the Ministry of Defense, the Chief of Defense and the three Chiefs of Staff (Army, Navy and Air Force). - Visit to Fort Tolemaida, where the CIDES and all the facilities are established. - Visit to Planadas region, where the Colombian Armed Forces are carrying out Humanitarian Demining in order to see in-situ their activities in demining. The visit to “CIDES” was focus in analyze the next capabilities/principles in order to become a PTEC and it was an opportunity for NATO to identify a potential partner that could be a real partner for E&T purpose and especially due to the area of expertise Colombia wants to propose to NATO (demining).